Auschwitz Birkenau Museum is the symbol of Holocaust and genocide perpetrated by the Nazis during World War II.
The museum is located in the area of former Nazi concentration camps and the death camp in Oświęcim and neighbouring towns.
Between 1940 and 1945 approximately 1.3 million people were transported here, out of which as many as 1.1 million, including almost 1 million Jews and 150 thousand Poles, lost their lives.
The prisoners were detained in appealing, demeaning conditions.
They died of hunger, exhaustion and were murdered, or died as a result of medical experiments carried out on the prisoners.
Only 7.5 thousand prisoners survived when the liberation came in 1945.
Auschwitz-Birkenau is the only concentration camp in the world included on the UNESCO World Heritage List.