Poznań is perceived as the historical capital of Greater Poland — a region in central-western Poland. In terms of population, it's the fifth largest Polish city.
It carries many ages of tradition, reaching all the way back to the 10th century, and the beginnings of the Polish nation. For this reason in 2008 Poznań was declared a historical monument. Poznań's cathedral contains tombs of the first rulers: Mieszko I, and Boleslaus the Brave.
One of historical sites which deserves special mention is the Poznań Citadel. This set of fortifications (18 forts) developed in the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century is Europe's third largest system of this type, with a circumference of almost 30 kilometres. Due to it being a bat habitat, Poznań Citadel historical fortifications are under special protection.
Poznań earned its right to be called the city of greenery, since forest regions uptake almost one third of the city area — approximately 70 thousand square metres. There are two natural reserves within the city borders: Morasko Meteorite, and Żurawiniec.
Nearly 38 percent of tourists visit the city for business. They participate in fairs, conferences, and trainings. Tourists aiming for sightseeing and recreation are the second biggest group.
Poznań is the centre of industry, trade, logistics, and business tourism. Slightly less appealing to investors than Warsaw, it's still one of the most attractive investment locations in Poland in terms of reliability. Poznań hosts the annual Poznań International Fair — Poland's oldest and largest event of this type.
Most attractive recreational features are focused around Lake Malta. Except for biking and walking trails, this area offers such attractions as an all-year-long Malta Ski slope, a mini-golf course, boules and bowling alley — Bula Park, Alpine Coaster, a zoological garden, Malta Thermes aqua-park, Malta Gallery shopping centre, and multiple playgrounds, restaurants, and spas.
Malta also features a summer fountain which reaches as high as 200 feet, Maltanka narrow gauge railway which runs along the lakeshore, a sledging course next to the ski slope, and a summer theatre. Malta is also the host of multiple concerts and art events, associated with a famous international festival, which has been gathering enthusiasts of experimental theatre for 20 years.
Poznań's old town is filled with monuments of various eras. The city hall at the Old Market Square is an ideal example of Renaissance architecture. It features the town's famous billy-goats. Fara church and the former Jesuit college represent Baroque. Poznań also features Poland's oldest cathedral. Other parts of town feature Secession monuments, and the monumental style of the Caesar's District.
The promenade leading to the Old City features Old Brewery — an exceptional Centre of Trade, Art, and Business, which received the ISCS award of "the best shopping centre worldwide" in 2008.
Poznań will be one of the cities hosting the Euro 2012 championship.