The earliest Polish health spas were established in the 12th century and entered a golden age 18th and 19th centuries when it was fashionable for high society from France, Germany, Austria and the United States, to "take the waters" and mingle.

Today there are more than 40 spas in Poland, offering a range of treatments including mud buths, inhalations, hydrotherapy, kinetic therapy, and of course drinking mineral water, with each spa's water having its own mineral profile. Individual spas specialising in treating specific illnesses include Połczyn Zdrój, renowned for treating rheumatism, and Ciechocinek, the first choice for curative baths in the treatment of respiratory illnesses. The range of resort locations also means that spas can by chosen on the basis of their settings and surrounding attractions, as well as their range of facilities. On the Baltic Coast for example, there is a clinic in Sopot, while the largest spa on the coast is in Kołobrzeg. There are a few spas on the coast is in Kołobrzeg. There are a few spas in central Poland such as Inowrocław and Nałęczów, while the greatest concentration of spas is in the south, along the Carpathian mountain rage.

Health form a bottle

Each spa resort has a water source with a different mineral profile. Some spas such a Kudawa Zdrój in the south of Poland have three separate water sources, each offering variations on the theme, including hydro-carbon-calcium-soda, chalybeate and boron, which is quite a mouthful in more ways than one. Numerous spas also bottle and distribute theirs waters throughout Poland. Chichocinek for example has been bottled the Krystynka brand since 1903, and the Kujawianka brand since 1962. Similary, the Kołobrzeg spa markets the Perła Bałtyku (Pearl of the Baltic) mineral water, while Polanica Zdrój is the source of Staropolanka (Old Polish). Other spas market mineral water under their own name, such as Kryniczanka, bottled since 1808 in the spas town of Krynica.

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