Roads and motorways
The condition of Polish roads could be described as relatively good. In the vicinity of the larger cities road surfaces are improving every month. Secondary roads can be qualified as being in a satisfactory condition.
Conditions on the roads
Apart from these motorways there are many dual carriageways and single-lane roads. The surface of some of these roads has been deformed by ruts cut into the road surface during the summer by TIR trucks. In general drivers have to be a little more vigilant in Poland when driving along the minor roads in this country.
- built-up area - 50 km/h
- outside built-up area - 90 km/h
- dual carriageway - 120 km/h
- single-lane road - 100 km/h
- twin lane carriageway with at least two lanes per direction - 100 km/h
- motorway - 140 km/h
Road use charges
In Poland there is a toll on motorways (A1, A2, A4 and A8). These tolls are collected using two systems:
- open system: The tolls are collected at toll booths situated on motorways. The toll depends on the type of vehicle.
- closed system (viaTOLL system): The tolls are collected at toll booths situated on access roads, on junction roads and additionally on the final sections of motorways. The toll depends on the type of vehicle and the distance covered.
viaTOLL is an electronic toll collection system that charges road users for using selected sections of toll road network. Vehicles required to pay electronic tolls are the motor vehicles or combinations of vehicles with maximum permissible weight of over 3.5 tonnes and buses regardless of its maximum permissible weight.
viaTOLL system covers caravanning. Vehicles have to be equipped with little on-board units (so called viaBOX) which communicate with transmitters in toll gantries. Each time a vehicle equipped with viaBOX technology passes beneath the gantry the driver is charged for that particular section of toll road.