Before the first Palaeolithic hunters appeared on the lands that are now Poland around 100,000 years ago, our country was a marshy green plain on which dinosaurs grazed. The most famous of these, Silesaurus Opolensis, meaning "Silesian lizard from Opole", one of the oldest known reptile species in the world, lived more than 230 million years ago in Krasiejow!
For lessons about some of the earliest periods of Polish history, it would be worth starting with a visit to the Mineralogical Museum in Szklarska Poreba. The ammonites, fossils, dinosaur eggs and meteor fragments collected here, are like chronologically arranged elements of the fascinating biography of the Earth.
Polish caves and caverns are archaeological treasures. The shocking remains of a Palaeolithic cannibal feast have been uncovered in "Maszycka" Cave, the skeletal remains of cave dwelling bears were discovered "Niedzwiedzia" Cave and the oldest boomerang in the world, made from a Mammoth bone, in a grotto in Oblazowa.
The tribes that lived in Poland, not just the Slavic ones, have left behind entire villages like Biskupin, Truso, and Ostrow Lednicki, considered the cradle of the Piast dynasty, mines as in Krzemionki Opatowskie, and places of religious worship as in Sleza, St. Anna's Mount and "Wzgorze Wisielcow". The numerous preserved strongholds are the sites of many archaeological festivals today.
Traces of Poland's rich past are especially visible in graveyards. For example, the Yotvingian tribe that once lived in the Suwalki Region buried their dead under stone mounds.
Whilst wandering around Poland, the Goths left behind the mysterious stone circles like in Odry and Wesiory as well as the beautiful collection of artefacts discovered in Hrubieszow Valley, which can today be seen in the Municipal Museum in Zamosc. The Vandals left behind wonders from the Roman Empire, gathered in royal tombs discovered in 1937 in Wroclaw.
The most significant archaeological finds end up in museums. A gold crown with little eagles, part of the so called Sredzki Treasure, which was stored in the archives of the National Museum in Wroclaw, can be seen exhibited in Sroda Slaska. But to see one of the most sensational finds discovered on Polish terrain, the Scythian gold Treasure from Witaszkowo, you will have to travel to Berlin!