Road and tourist signs
There are two useful abbreviations commonly seen in towns. The first is IT or simply ‘I’. This is used to denote tourist information points, and can be seen on signposts directing you to such places.
The second is PKP. This is the abbreviation of the name of
When travelling out of town, tourists are likely to encounter the abbreviation PKS. This is worth remembering – it denotes the main long-distance bus operator, indeed the only bus operator in less densely populated regions. This abbreviation is used colloquially to denote the buses and their stops. The latter are marked with the PKS logo – a characteristic black steering wheel on a yellow background. This symbol also appears on plans and maps, and normally denotes bus stops and bus stations.
NFZ (a dark blue logo, with a two-coloured heart contained within the letter F) stands for Narodowy Fundusz Zdrowia or National Health Fund, and can be seen on buildings where medical help is available.
A coiled yellow post horn is the symbol of the Polish Post Office (Poczta Polska), where you can buy stamps or send letters and postcards.
For those touring Poland on foot, the markings of tourist trails will be of interest. These are marked in different colours, although you should remember that there is no meaning attached to any particular colour. The red trail is often the most attractive. The start of a trail is marked with a circle of the appropriate colour inside a white ring. Further on, look for the characteristic symbols consisting of three stripes: two white ones, and the middle stripe in the trail colour. These indicate what route the trail takes.