Medieval Town of Toruń
Torun's historic centre with its well preserved complex of medieval buildings and its original urban layout was included in UNESCO's World Heritage List in 1997. Thanks to its great astronomer, Nicholas Copernicus, the delicious Torun gingerbread and the captivating atmosphere of one of Europe's most beautiful old towns, Torun has great renown in Poland and from further beyond its borders.
A wealthy hanseatic river port, Torun was one of the most important commercial and cultural centres in central-east Europe. It still has magnificent Gothic buildings that testify to the city's greatness throughout history:
- One of the most imposing old town halls in northern Europe, today occupied by the regional museum
- The monumental Cathedral of St John the Baptist and St John the Evangelist with their original interiors
- St James' Church with Gothic murals and spectacular stellar vaults
- St Mary's Church with richly adorned interiors of great historical value
There are several eye-catching burgher houses with the superbly decorated Star House and the fine brick Gothic house where the great Polish astronomer Nicholas Copernicus was born, which now houses the Copernicus Museum.
The medieval old town complex of Torun includes ruins of the Teutonic Knights' castle, gates and towers of the long defensive city walls once protecting Torun from the River Vistula side as well as many other buildings dating back to the medieval times.
Modern Torun is a vibrant academic centre with its Nicholas Copernicus University and a venue for a large number of attractive artistic events. One of Torun's many tourist attractions is the high-tech planetarium.