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Republic of Poland

Area: 312,000 sq. km.

Location: Central Europe.

Poland borders with Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Ukraine, Belarus, Lithuania, and Russia. Its northern border – 500 km long – runs along the Baltic Sea coast.

Population: 38,000,000.

Flag: white and red.

Official language: Polish.

Capital city: Warsaw.

Other major cities: Łódź, Cracow, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Katowice, Lublin.

Climate: Temperate, the average temperature in July is 19°C (67°F), but it can rise to 30°C (86°F). The best time of the year for winter sports is between January and March.

Useful telephone numbers

Nationwide free 24 hour emergency phone numbers are:

  • Ambulance 999,
  • Fire Brigade 998,
  • Police 997. For access to these services from a mobile phone dial 112,

Tourists can use the following numbers:

  • Information for tourists +48 22 278 77 77
  • Information for tourists +48 801 888 844 (only for Polish operators phone numbers) .
  • Tourist emergency helpline +48 608 599 999

 The team is ready to answer all your questions in Polish, English and German Monday to Friday between 08:00 am and 04:00 pm.

Traffic regulations

These are compatible with the regulations in EU countries. Speed limits on Polish roads are:

  • 50 km/h for all vehicles in built-up areas;
  • 90 km/h on one lane roads;
  • 100 km/h on two lane roads;
  • 120 km/h on expressways;
  • 140 km/h on motorways;

Headlights must be switched on at all times while driving.

Customs regulations

Customs rules and procedures are similar to those in force in the majority of EU countries. Detailed information is available from the Ministry of Finance, tel. +(48-22) 694 31 94.

How to pay?

The Polish currency is the złoty (PLN). You can also pay using other currencies e.g. euro, if you come to an agreement with the vendor, but this is not always the case. Most transactions take place in złoty. Money can be changed at banks or exchange counters (kantor). Credit cards are accepted in most shops and when paying for services in the whole of Poland. ATMs of different banks are available 24/7 in cities and towns.

The official money is the złoty divided into 100 groszy. Polish money is in circulation as coins and banknotes.

Coins: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 groszy and 1, 2, 5 złoty.

Banknotes: 10, 20, 50, 100 and 200 złotys.


Poland has a well-developed rail network. Major Polish cities are interconnected by Intercity express trains running between European cities. The national railway network is administered and serviced by the Polish State Railways (PKP). All necessary information can be found on the PKP websites:


and at the phone number +48 42 194 36.


There are airports in Poland in the following cities: Warsaw, Cracow, Gdańsk, Katowice, Łódź, Poznań, Rzeszów, Szczecin, Wrocław and Bydgoszcz. LOT Polish Airlines is Poland’s national carrier. In order to find the necessary information, all travellers planning to come to Poland and move around the country by air should visit the LOT website.

In addition, there are other carriers, including budget airlines, such as:

  • Easy Jet;
  • WizzAir;
  • Ryanair;
  • Aer Lingus.

Ferries to Poland

Here you can find information about booking a ferry to Poland

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