Trivia (highest, deepest, etc.)
The oldest mountain formations in Poland are the Pieprzowe Mountains near Sandomierz, estimated to be about 500 million years old. The Sowie Mountains, on the other hand, are made from the oldest rock material which dates back to the time when the liquefied lava on the surface of our planet began to cool, forming the earth's crust. This happened roughly about 4.5 billion years ago.
The youngest are the Tatra Mountains, which are also record-breakers for many other reasons. They contain the highest Polish peaks (Rysy), the grandest waterfall (Wielka Siklawa), the longest cave (Wielka Sniezna) and the most challenging mountain trail (Orla Perc).
The lowlands, of course, cannot to be neglected. The largest monolith in Poland is the Tryglaw of Tychowo, while Wiezyca is the highest point, not only of Kaszubia, but also of the whole Central European plain. The longest plank of wood in the world was milled at a neighbouring sawmill. It was measured at over 36 metres long and came from a Douglas fir of record height.
The oldest tree in Poland is not one of the oaks in Rogalin, which together form the largest oak forest in Europe, but a yew tree in Henrykow Lubanski, whose age has been put by dendrologists at 1,250 years! Other examples of pedigree trees like the "Chrobry Oak" in Piotrowice (720 years old), the "Komorow Elm" (440 years old) and the pine tree near Minsk Mazowiecki (380 years old) are mere youngsters by comparison.
Some locations attract record-breakers. Swinoujscie has not only the widest beach but also the tallest lighthouse in Poland as well as the longest stone breakwater in Europe. The nearby Isle of Wolin is the largest Polish island with the highest cliffs and the waters in the lake being the deepest shade of turquoise.
Poland also holds several impressive world records. These include the world's most imposing horseshoe-shaped terminal moraine, the Muzakow Arch, the only plated-structure mountains in Europe, the Table Mountains, the longest unregulated river in Europe, the River Vistula and the favourite village for the entire world population of storks, Zywkowo, called "Bociania Wies" near Gorowo Ilawieckie, which is home to more than 200 storks.